The process of preserving vegetables in vinegar is called Pickling.These vegetables can be stored for a year.Wash and clean vegetables. Take air tight jar. Fill it with vegetables and vinegar.Don't add water. Let the vegetables shrink for few days. You can also preserve the vegetables by drying them in sunlight for few days.
You will need to get some canning equipment and a recipe book with canning recipes. Besides using vinegar and pickling spices you will need to sterilize and process the cans so it is best if you get a recipe book.